Fair Trade

Fair Trade is an organized social movement that aims to help producers in developing countries to obtain better trading conditions and promote sustainability.

The movement advocates the payment of higher prices to producers, as well as attempting to raise their social and environmental standards.

In particular, it focuses on the export from developing to developed countries, of items such as handicrafts, coffee, cocoa, sugar, tea, bananas, honey, cotton, wine, fresh fruit, chocolate and flowers.

Certified Fair-trade sales in 2008 totaled over $4 billion (US) worldwide, a massive increase of over 20% on the previous year.

Fair-trade Labeling Organizations International estimated that over 7.5 million producers and their families were benefiting from fair trade funded infrastructure, technical assistance and community development projects.

BLUE; Advanced economies
ORANGE; Emerging and developing economies (not least developed)
BROWN; Emerging and developing economies (least developed) Classifications by the IMF and the UN

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