Gentleman of the 1820′s and 1830′s regarded this fashionable item very highly.
Early seals were more linear in the shape of a lyre, a stirrup, a scroll or a baluster. By the end of the 1930′s, the surmounts were chased with floral motifs of varying color gold and carved in the shape of dogs, birds or stag’s heads.
A family crest or coat of arms was engraved in bloodstone, carnelian, citrine quartz, amethyst, smoky quartz or chalcedony. More expensive seals would be constructed in 22k and mounted with precious stones and perhaps a cabochon intaglio sapphire seal.
Less expensive seals were worked in base metal, lightly gilded and mounted with paste, the coat of arms being substituted by a motto while the middle range were set with quartz, carnelian and bloodstone in chased gold mounts.
Swivel seals were three sided prisms carved in semi precious stones, horizontally secured in a chased stirrup-shaped surmount and engraved on each side with a different motif.